skedastic

The purpose of the skedastic package is to make diagnostic methods for detecting heteroskedasticity in linear regression models accessible to R users.

Installation

# Install from CRAN
install.packages("skedastic", dependencies = c("Depends", "Imports"))

# Or the development version from GitHub:
install.packages("devtools")
devtools::install_github("tjfarrar/skedastic")

Usage

The purpose of the skedastic package is to make diagnostic methods for detecting heteroskedasticity in linear regression models accessible to R users. Heteroskedasticity (sometimes spelt ‘heteroscedasticity’) is a violation of one of the assumptions of the classical linear regression model (the Gauss-Markov Assumptions). This assumption, known as homoskedasticity, holds that the variance of the random error term remains constant across all observations.

23 distinct functions in the package implement hypothesis testing methods for detecting heteroskedasticity that have been previously published in academic literature. Other functions implement graphical methods for detecting heteroskedasticity or perform supporting tasks for the tests such as computing transformations of the Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) residuals that are useful in heteroskedasticity detection, or computing probabilities from the null distribution of a nonparametric test statistic. Certain functions have applications beyond the problem of heteroskedasticity in linear regression. These include pRQF, which computes cumulative probabilities from the distribution of a ratio of quadratic forms in normal random vectors, twosidedpval, which implements three different approaches for calculating two-sided $$p$$-values from asymmetric null distributions, and dDtrend and pdDtrend, which compute probabilities from Lehmann’s nonparametric trend statistic.

Most of the exported functions in the package take a linear model as their primary argument (which can be passed as an lm object). Thus, to use this package a user must first be familiar with how to fit linear regression models using the lm function from package stats. Note that the package currently supports only linear regression models fit using OLS.

For heteroskedasticity tests that are implemented in other R packages on CRAN, or in other statistical software such as SAS or SHAZAM, the functions in the skedastic package have been checked against them to ensure that they produce the same values of the test statistic and $$p$$-value. This is true of breusch_pagan, cook_weisberg, glejser, goldfeld_quandt (parametric test only), harvey, and white_lm.

Here is an example of implementing the Breusch-Pagan Test for heteroskedasticity on a linear regression model fit to the cars dataset, with distance (cars$dist) as the response (dependent) variable and speed (cars$speed) as the explanatory (independent) variable.

library(skedastic)
mylm <- lm(dist ~ speed, data = cars)
breusch_pagan(mylm)

To compute BLUS residuals for the same model:

myblusres <- blus(mylm, omit = "last")
myblusres

To create customised residual plots for the same model:

hetplot(mylm, horzvar = c("explanatory", "log_explanatory"), vertvar = c("res", "res_stud"), vertfun = "2", filetype = NA)