Building a Dynamic TOPMODEL

The purpose of this vignette is to provide an outline of the steps needed to build a dynamic TOPMODEL implementation using the dynatopGIS package.

Implementation notes

The dynatopGIS package implements a structured, object orientated, data flow. The steps outlined below create a dynatopGIS catchment object to which actions are then applied to generate a model.

The dynatopGIS package is written using the object orientated framework provided by the R6 package. This means that some aspects of working with the objects may appear ìdiosyncratic for some R users. In using the package as outlined in this vignette these problems are largely obscured, except for the call structure. However, before adapting the code, or doing more complex analysis users should read about R6 class objects (e.g. in the R6 package vignettes or in the Advanced R book). One particular gotcha is when copying an object. Using

my_new_object  <-  my_object

creates a pointer, that is altering my_new_object also alters my_object. To create a new independent copy of my_object use

my_new_object  <-  my_object$clone()

Getting started

The dynatopGIS packages works through a number of steps to generate a Dynamic TOPMODEL object suitable for use in with the dynatop package. Each step generates one or more layers which are saved as raster or shape files into the projects working directory (which is not necessarily the R working directory). A record of these layers is kept in the json format meta data file.

This vignette demonstrates the use of the dynatopGIS package using data from the Swindale catchment in the UK.

To start first load the library

library("dynatopGIS")

For this vignette we will store the data into a temporary directory

demo_dir <- tempfile("dygis")
dir.create(demo_dir)

and initialise the analysis by creating a new object specifying the location of the meta data file, which will be created if it doesn’t exist.

ctch <- dynatopGIS$new(file.path(demo_dir,"meta.json"))
#> Warning in initialize(...): Creating meta file at/tmp/RtmpI6QIfJ/
#> dygis79f22353ec0/meta.json
#> Warning in private$check_meta(verbose): No checks on the meta are currently
#> performed

Adding catchment data

The basis of the analysis is a rasterised Digital Elevation Model (DEM) of the catchment and a vectorised representation of the river network with attributes. Currently these can be in any format supported by the raster and sp libraries respectivly.

However, within the calculations used for sink filling, flow routing and topographic index calculations the raster DEM is presumed to be projected so that is has square cells such that the difference between the cell centres (in meters) does not alter.

For Swindale the suitable DEM and channel files can be found using:

dem_file <- system.file("extdata", "SwindaleDTM40m.tif", package="dynatopGIS", mustWork = TRUE)
channel_file <- system.file("extdata", "SwindaleRiverNetwork.shp", package="dynatopGIS", mustWork = TRUE)

Either the DEM or channel files can be added to the project first. In this case we add the DEM with

dem <- raster::raster(dem_file)
#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition
ctch$add_dem(dem)
#> Loading required namespace: igraph
#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition

Note: An additional row and column of NA is added to each edge of the DEM. All raster layers in the project have the same projection, resolution and extent of the extended DEM.

Adding river channel data is more complex. The add_channel method requires a SpatialLinesDataFrame or SpatialPolygonsDataFrame as generated by the sp package. Each entry in the data.frame is treated as a length of river channel which requires the following properties

Additional properties are currently kept but ignored with two exceptions: - id - this is copied to original_id with a warning since id is used internally - width - if the channel is specified with a line sections then the width property is used to buffer the lines to create channel polygons.

Since it is possible that these properties are present in a data file under different names the add_channel method allows for renaming. To illustrate this let us examine the river network for Swindale

sp_lines <- rgdal::readOGR(channel_file)
#> Warning in OGRSpatialRef(dsn, layer, morphFromESRI = morphFromESRI, dumpSRS =
#> dumpSRS, : Discarded datum OSGB_1936 in Proj4 definition: +proj=tmerc +lat_0=49
#> +lon_0=-2 +k=0.9996012717 +x_0=400000 +y_0=-100000 +ellps=airy +units=m +no_defs
#> OGR data source with driver: ESRI Shapefile 
#> Source: "/tmp/Rtmp9njCxS/Rinst79bf63fdbe09/dynatopGIS/extdata/SwindaleRiverNetwork.shp", layer: "SwindaleRiverNetwork"
#> with 19 features
#> It has 11 fields
#> Integer64 fields read as strings:  length
#> Warning in rgdal::readOGR(channel_file): Z-dimension discarded
head(sp_lines)
#> class       : SpatialLinesDataFrame 
#> features    : 6 
#> extent      : 349884.5, 351675.7, 508614.5, 513074.7  (xmin, xmax, ymin, ymax)
#> crs         : +proj=tmerc +lat_0=49 +lon_0=-2 +k=0.9996012717 +x_0=400000 +y_0=-100000 +ellps=airy +units=m +no_defs 
#> variables   : 11
#> names       :         name1,                           identifier,                            startNode,                              endNode,        form,         flow, fictitious, length, name2, sinkdepth,    Shape_Leng 
#> min values  : Hawthorn Gill, 16D0AC09-E0B6-4727-83B8-567E8DE9C533, 1FDBFCFF-799C-41CF-A2CB-8A56368BD438, 1FDBFCFF-799C-41CF-A2CB-8A56368BD438, inlandRiver, in direction,      false,     29,    NA,        -1, 29.1895135281 
#> max values  : Mosedale Beck, ED03FEDD-0F4B-40C7-86E8-6F0EA8BAC182, D968F174-FB80-404A-A4A7-2862CC722482, D649B60C-E631-47FA-971E-CA388DBDDE63, inlandRiver, in direction,      false,    740,    NA,        -1,  739.76377764

The main properties are present under appropriate names and a call to the add_channel method with no options would be successful. However if we want to carry over the addition information in the “indentifier” as “channel_id” a named vector giving the variable names to be used could be provided. In this case:

property_names <- c(channel_id="identifier",
                    endNode="endNode",
                    startNode="startNode",
                    length="length")

The river network can then be created in the correct format by

ctch$add_channel(sp_lines,property_names)
#> Warning in private$apply_add_channel(channel, property_names, default_width):
#> Modifying to spatial polygons using default width

Since the data set for Swindale does not contain a channel width the default width of 2m is used.

Computing Basic Properties

So far, the DEM and channel data exist in isolation. Next, we compute some basic summaries for each square in the DEM, specifically: - land area - the area in the DEM cell covered by land - channel area - the area in the DEM cell covered by channel - channel id - the id of the channel within the cell, corresponding to the id in the channel object.

If multiple river lengths intersect a DEM cell the properties of the channel length with the largest area of intersection are used.

This computation is done by calling

ctch$compute_areas()
#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition
#> Warning in OGRSpatialRef(dsn, layer, morphFromESRI = morphFromESRI, dumpSRS =
#> dumpSRS, : Discarded datum OSGB_1936 in Proj4 definition: +proj=tmerc +lat_0=49
#> +lon_0=-2 +k=0.9996012717 +x_0=400000 +y_0=-100000 +ellps=airy +units=m +no_defs
#> Warning in .local(x, ...): This function is only useful for Raster* objects with
#> a longitude/latitude coordinates
#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition

#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition

#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition

Getting and plotting catchment information

The dynatopGIS class has methods for returning and plotting the GIS data in the project. The names of all the different GIS layers stored is returned by

ctch$get_layer()
#> [1] "dem"          "channel"      "land_area"    "channel_area" "channel_id"

These can be plotted (with or without the channel), for example

ctch$plot_layer("dem", add_channel=TRUE)
#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition
#> Warning in OGRSpatialRef(dsn, layer, morphFromESRI = morphFromESRI, dumpSRS =
#> dumpSRS, : Discarded datum OSGB_1936 in Proj4 definition: +proj=tmerc +lat_0=49
#> +lon_0=-2 +k=0.9996012717 +x_0=400000 +y_0=-100000 +ellps=airy +units=m +no_defs

or returned, for example

ctch$get_layer("dem")
#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition
#> class      : RasterLayer 
#> dimensions : 163, 124, 20212  (nrow, ncol, ncell)
#> resolution : 40, 40  (x, y)
#> extent     : 347734, 352694, 507244, 513764  (xmin, xmax, ymin, ymax)
#> crs        : +proj=tmerc +lat_0=49 +lon_0=-2 +k=0.9996012717 +x_0=400000 +y_0=-100000 +ellps=airy +units=m +no_defs 
#> source     : dem.tif 
#> names      : dem 
#> values     : 262.8004, 710.7533  (min, max)

All layers are returned as RasterLayer objects with the exception of the channel layer which is returned as a SpatialPolygonsDataFrame object. The complete meta data file can be retrieved with

tmp <- ctch$get_meta()

Filling sinks

For the hill slope to be connected to the river network all DEM cells must drain to those that intersect with the river network.

The algorithm of implemented in the sink_fill method ensures this is the case. Since the algorithm is iterative the execution time of the function is limited by capping the maximum number of iterations. If this limit is reached without completion the method can call again with the “hot start” option to continue from where it finished.

For Swindale, where the example DEM is already partially filled the algorithm only alters a small area near the foot of the catchment.

ctch$sink_fill()
#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition

#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition

#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition

raster::plot( ctch$get_layer('filled_dem') - ctch$get_layer('dem'),
             main="Changes to height")
#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition

#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition

Computing properties

Two sets of properties are required for Dynamic TOPMODEL. The first set is those required within the evaluation of the model; gradient and contour length. The second set are those used for dividing the catchment up into Hydrological Response Units (HRUs). Traditionally the summary used for the separation of the HRUs is the topographic index, which is the natural logarithm of the upslope area divided by gradient.

These are computed using the formulae in Quinn et al. 1991.

The upstream area is computed by routing down slope with the fraction of the area being routed to the next downstream pixel being proportional to the gradient times the contour length.

The local value of the gradient is computed using the average of a subset of between pixel gradients. For a normal ‘hill slope’ cell these are the gradients to downslope pixels weighted by contour length. In the case of pixels which contain river channels the average of the gradients from upslope pixels weighted by contour length us used.

These properties are computed in an algorithm that passes over the data once in descending height. It is called as follows

ctch$compute_properties()
#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition

#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition

#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition

#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition

#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition

#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition

The plot of the topographic index shows a pattern of increasing values closer to the river channels

## plot of topographic index (log(a/tan b))
ctch$plot_layer('atb')
#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition
#> Warning in OGRSpatialRef(dsn, layer, morphFromESRI = morphFromESRI, dumpSRS =
#> dumpSRS, : Discarded datum OSGB_1936 in Proj4 definition: +proj=tmerc +lat_0=49
#> +lon_0=-2 +k=0.9996012717 +x_0=400000 +y_0=-100000 +ellps=airy +units=m +no_defs

Adding additional layer

Properties may come in addional GIS layers. To demonstrate the addition of an additional layer we will extract the filled dem

tmp <- ctch$get_layer("filled_dem")
#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition

then seperate it into a layers representing land above and below 500m.

tmp <- raster::reclassify( tmp,
                          matrix(c(0,500,NA,
                                   500,1000,-999),
                                 byrow=TRUE))

The resulting raster object can now be written to a file

raster::writeRaster(tmp,file.path(demo_dir,"greater_500.tif"))
#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition

which is added to the meta data with

ctch$add_layer("greater_500",file.path(demo_dir,"greater_500.tif"))
#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition
ctch$get_layer()
#>  [1] "dem"          "channel"      "filled_dem"   "land_area"    "channel_area"
#>  [6] "channel_id"   "gradient"     "upslope_area" "atb"          "greater_500"

Flow distances and ordering

Since dynatop simulations make use of ordered HRUs to work downslope, a metric is required to order the downslope sequencing. The calculation of four such metrics is supported

The computation is initiated with

ctch$compute_flow_lengths()
#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition

#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition

#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition

#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition

#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition

#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition

#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition

The additional layers can be examined as expected

ctch$get_layer()
#>  [1] "dem"                  "channel"              "filled_dem"          
#>  [4] "land_area"            "channel_area"         "channel_id"          
#>  [7] "gradient"             "upslope_area"         "atb"                 
#> [10] "band"                 "shortest_flow_length" "dominant_flow_length"
#> [13] "expected_flow_length" "greater_500"
ctch$plot_layer("band")
#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition
#> Warning in OGRSpatialRef(dsn, layer, morphFromESRI = morphFromESRI, dumpSRS =
#> dumpSRS, : Discarded datum OSGB_1936 in Proj4 definition: +proj=tmerc +lat_0=49
#> +lon_0=-2 +k=0.9996012717 +x_0=400000 +y_0=-100000 +ellps=airy +units=m +no_defs

Classifying into Hydrological Response Units

Methods are provided for the classification of the catchment areas of similar hyrological response. The classifications generated in this process are augmented with a further distance based separation when generating a dynatop model (see following section).

By definition each channel length is treated as belonging to a single class.

To classify the hillslope two methods can be used.

The classify method of a dynatopGIS allows a landscape property to be cut into classes.

For example to cut the topographic index for Swindale into 21 classes:

ctch$classify("atb_20","atb",cuts=20)
#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition

#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition
ctch$plot_layer("atb_20")
#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition
#> Warning in OGRSpatialRef(dsn, layer, morphFromESRI = morphFromESRI, dumpSRS =
#> dumpSRS, : Discarded datum OSGB_1936 in Proj4 definition: +proj=tmerc +lat_0=49
#> +lon_0=-2 +k=0.9996012717 +x_0=400000 +y_0=-100000 +ellps=airy +units=m +no_defs

Providing a single value to the cuts argument determines the number of classes. The values used to cut the variable can be extracted from the meta data with

ctch$get_class_method("atb_20")
#> $layer
#> [1] "atb"
#> 
#> $cuts
#>  [1]  8.636124  9.265628  9.895133 10.524637 11.154142 11.783646 12.413151
#>  [8] 13.042655 13.672160 14.301664 14.931169 15.560673 16.190178 16.819682
#> [15] 17.449187 18.078691 18.708195 19.337700 19.967204 20.596709 21.226213

The combine_classes method of a dynatopGIS allows classes to be combined in two ways, which are applied in the order shown

To demonstate a pairing combination consider combining the atb classes generated above with the classification provided by the distance band

ctch$combine_classes("atb_20_band",c("atb_20","band"))
#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition

#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition

#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition

#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition

#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition
ctch$plot_layer("atb_20_band")
#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition
#> Warning in OGRSpatialRef(dsn, layer, morphFromESRI = morphFromESRI, dumpSRS =
#> dumpSRS, : Discarded datum OSGB_1936 in Proj4 definition: +proj=tmerc +lat_0=49
#> +lon_0=-2 +k=0.9996012717 +x_0=400000 +y_0=-100000 +ellps=airy +units=m +no_defs

Additionally the land greater then 500 in altitude can be burnt in with

ctch$combine_classes("atb_20_band_500",pairs=c("atb_20","band"),burns="greater_500")
#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition

#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition

#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition

#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition

#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition

#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition
ctch$plot_layer("atb_20_band_500")
#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition
#> Warning in OGRSpatialRef(dsn, layer, morphFromESRI = morphFromESRI, dumpSRS =
#> dumpSRS, : Discarded datum OSGB_1936 in Proj4 definition: +proj=tmerc +lat_0=49
#> +lon_0=-2 +k=0.9996012717 +x_0=400000 +y_0=-100000 +ellps=airy +units=m +no_defs

The each class in the combined classification the values of the classes used in the computations can be returned

head( ctch$get_class_method("atb_20_band_500") )
#>      atb_20_band_500 atb_20 band greater_500
#> [1,]               1      1    1          NA
#> [2,]               2      2    1          NA
#> [3,]               3      3    1          NA
#> [4,]               4      4    1          NA
#> [5,]               5      5    1          NA
#> [6,]               6      4    2          NA

Note that by giving the area to be burnt in a negative value when it was generated above we have ensured that the values do not clash with those generated by the cuts which (except potentially when a cut is NA) will always be positive.

Generating a dynamic TOPMODEL

A Dynamic TOPMODEL suitable for use with the dynatop package can be generated using the create_model method. This uses an existing classification to generate the model. The required model structure is given in the vignettes of dynatop package and is not described here in details.

Since dynatop simulations make use of ordered HRUs to work downslope, a classification which used a distance layer (see earlier section) which represents the ordered downslope sequencing of the pixels is recommended. It is strongly recommended that the ‘band’ distance metric is used directly as shown below.

Even if a distance layer is not used in the classification one must be given to the create_model method, so the resulting HRUs can be ordered.

For example, in the case of the division of Swindale by topographic index into 21 classes and the bands directly the resulting model can be generated by

ctch$create_model("new_model","atb_20_band","band")
#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition

#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition
#> Warning in OGRSpatialRef(dsn, layer, morphFromESRI = morphFromESRI, dumpSRS =
#> dumpSRS, : Discarded datum OSGB_1936 in Proj4 definition: +proj=tmerc +lat_0=49
#> +lon_0=-2 +k=0.9996012717 +x_0=400000 +y_0=-100000 +ellps=airy +units=m +no_defs
#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition

#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition

#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition

#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition

#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition

#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition

#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition
#> The following Channel HSUs are outflows: 1

Looking at the files within the demo_dir folder

list.files(demo_dir,pattern="new_model*")
#> [1] "new_model.rds" "new_model.tif"

shows that an addition raster map of the HRUs has been created in new_model.tif along with a file new_model.rds containing a model suitable for dynatop

The map of HRUs can be plotted as with any layer

ctch$plot_layer("new_model")
#> Warning in showSRID(SRS_string, format = "PROJ", multiline = "NO", prefer_proj =
#> prefer_proj): Discarded datum OSGB 1936 in Proj4 definition
#> Warning in OGRSpatialRef(dsn, layer, morphFromESRI = morphFromESRI, dumpSRS =
#> dumpSRS, : Discarded datum OSGB_1936 in Proj4 definition: +proj=tmerc +lat_0=49
#> +lon_0=-2 +k=0.9996012717 +x_0=400000 +y_0=-100000 +ellps=airy +units=m +no_defs

The values on the map correspond to the ìd column of the hillslope table in the dynatop model.