Lifecycle: experimental R-CMD-check Codecov test coverage License: MIT CRAN status

extras provides helper functions for Bayesian analyses.

In particular it provides functions to numericise R objects and summarise MCMC samples as well as R translations of BUGS (and JAGS) functions.


To install the developmental version from GitHub

# install.packages("remotes")


Numericise R Objects

Atomic vectors, matrices, arrays and data.frames of appropriate classes can be converted to numeric objects suitable for Bayesian analysis using the numericise() (and numericize()) function.

  data.frame(logical = c(TRUE, FALSE),
             factor = factor(c("blue", "green")),
             Date = as.Date(c("2000-01-01", "2000-01-02")),
             hms = hms::as_hms(c("00:00:02", "00:01:01"))
#>      logical factor  Date hms
#> [1,]       1      1 10957   2
#> [2,]       0      2 10958  61

Summarise MCMC Samples

The extras package provides functions to summarise MCMC samples like svalue() which gives the surprisal value (Greenland, 2019)

x <- rnorm(100)
#> [1] 0.3183615
svalue(rnorm(100, mean = 1))
#> [1] 1.704015
svalue(rnorm(100, mean = 2))
#> [1] 3.850857
svalue(rnorm(100, mean = 3))
#> [1] 5.073249

R translations

The package also provides R translations of BUGS (and JAGS) functions such as pow() and log<-.

pow(10, 2)
#> [1] 100

mu <- NULL
log(mu) <- 1
#> [1] 2.718282


Greenland, S. 2019. Valid P -Values Behave Exactly as They Should: Some Misleading Criticisms of P -Values and Their Resolution With S -Values. The American Statistician 73(sup1): 106–114. https://doi.org/10.1080/00031305.2018.1529625.


Please report any issues.

Pull requests are always welcome.

Code of Conduct

Please note that the extras project is released with a Contributor Code of Conduct. By contributing to this project, you agree to abide by its terms.