Statistical methods for the modeling and monitoring of time series of counts, proportions and categorical data, as well as for the modeling of continuous-time point processes of epidemic phenomena. The monitoring methods focus on aberration detection in count data time series from public health surveillance of communicable diseases, but applications could just as well originate from environmetrics, reliability engineering, econometrics, or social sciences. The package implements many typical outbreak detection procedures such as the (improved) Farrington algorithm, or the negative binomial GLR-CUSUM method of Höhle and Paul (2008) . A novel CUSUM approach combining logistic and multinomial logistic modeling is also included. The package contains several real-world data sets, the ability to simulate outbreak data, and to visualize the results of the monitoring in a temporal, spatial or spatio-temporal fashion. A recent overview of the available monitoring procedures is given by Salmon et al. (2016) . For the retrospective analysis of epidemic spread, the package provides three endemic-epidemic modeling frameworks with tools for visualization, likelihood inference, and simulation. 'hhh4' estimates models for (multivariate) count time series following Paul and Held (2011) and Meyer and Held (2014) . 'twinSIR' models the susceptible-infectious-recovered (SIR) event history of a fixed population, e.g, epidemics across farms or networks, as a multivariate point process as proposed by Höhle (2009) . 'twinstim' estimates self-exciting point process models for a spatio-temporal point pattern of infective events, e.g., time-stamped geo-referenced surveillance data, as proposed by Meyer et al. (2012) . A recent overview of the implemented space-time modeling frameworks for epidemic phenomena is given by Meyer et al. (2017) .

Maintainer: Sebastian Meyer <seb.meyer at>

Author(s): Michael Höhle*, Sebastian Meyer*, Michaela Paul*, Leonhard Held*, Howard Burkom*, Thais Correa*, Mathias Hofmann*, Christian Lang*, Juliane Manitz*, Andrea Riebler*, Daniel Sabanés Bové*, Maëlle Salmon*, Dirk Schumacher*, Stefan Steiner*, Mikko Virtanen*, Wei Wei*, Valentin Wimmer*, R Core Team* (A few code segments are modified versions of code from base R)

Install package and any missing dependencies by running this line in your R console:


Depends R (>= 3.2.0), methods, grDevices, graphics, stats, utils, sp(>=1.0-15), xtable(>=1.7-0), polyCub(>=0.4-3)
Imports Rcpp(>=0.11.1), MASS, Matrix, nlme, spatstat(>=1.36-0)
Suggests parallel, grid, xts, gridExtra, lattice, colorspace, scales, animation, msm, spc, quadprog, memoise, polyclip, rgeos, gpclib, maptools, intervals, spdep, numDeriv, maxLik, gsl, fanplot, testthat(>=0.11.0), coda, splancs, gamlss, INLA (>= 0.0-1458166556), runjags, ggplot2, MGLM, knitr
Linking to Rcpp
linking to

Package surveillance
Task Views Environmetrics , SpatioTemporal , TimeSeries
Version 1.13.1
Published 2017-04-28
License GPL-2
NeedsCompilation yes
CRAN checks surveillance check results
Package source surveillance_1.13.1.tar.gz